Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy

Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy is an operation which is performed to straighten and attach the rectum back into its normal anatomical position within the pelvis. 

A Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy is required most commonly to repair an external rectal prolapse; this is when part of the bowel comes down through the anus. It may also be performed to repair an internal prolapse of the bowel, known as intussusceptions. In this case, this is when the rectum prolapses internally. This can contribute to, or cause obstructive defaecation. This is when there is a sensation of a blockage of the bowel, resulting in difficulty in passing stool, prolonged and unsuccessful visits to the toilet and sometimes faecal incontinence. 

Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy is a relatively straightforward procedure with current research reporting a success rate of 85%. In 10% of patients it does not help symptoms and in up to 5%, it can slightly worsen symptoms. The main risks with the operation include a small risk of mesh erosion and mesh infection. 

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